When Should I Worry About Mitral Valve Prolapse?

What are the complications of mitral valve prolapse?

Complications.

Mitral regurgitation is the most common complication of mitral valve prolapse.

MR may be acute (due to ruptured chordae tendineae causing flail mitral valve leaflets) or chronic.

Sequelae of MVP with MR include heart failure, infective endocarditis, and atrial fibrillation (AF) with thromboembolism..

Are you born with mitral valve prolapse?

This can let blood flow from the ventricle back into the atrium. About one in 20 Americans has mitral valve prolapse. People are usually born with it. More women have it than men.

Does mitral valve prolapse show up on an ECG?

Tests physicians use to diagnose mitral valve prolapse include: Electrocardiogram (EKG/ECG) – A test that records the electrical activity of the heart. Echocardiogram (also called echo) – This test uses sound waves to assess the function and structure of the heart muscle and valves.

Can mitral valve prolapse cause pain?

Chest pain is the most frequent symptom in people who have symptoms with mitral valve prolapse. The chest pain may be very bothersome and frightening, but it does not increase the risk of heart attack, death, or other heart problems. Mitral valve prolapse is a common cause of mitral regurgitation.

How often should mitral valve prolapse be checked?

Severe mitral regurgitation without symptoms requires closer follow-up: a checkup and echocardiogram every six to 12 months, and a stress test if needed to gauge the ability to exercise.

What are the symptoms of severe mitral valve regurgitation?

SymptomsAbnormal heart sound (heart murmur) heard through a stethoscope.Shortness of breath (dyspnea), especially when you have been very active or when you lie down.Fatigue.Heart palpitations — sensations of a rapid, fluttering heartbeat.Swollen feet or ankles.

Is mitral valve regurgitation a disability?

Many cases of mitral valve prolapse will not qualify for benefits because there are no noticeable symptoms or serious problems. Only the more severe cases, which may lead to heart failure and death, will qualify for benefits.

Does exercise help mitral valve prolapse?

Aerobic exercise remains key to managing the disease This valve has a right and left section that open to allow blood to move from the upper atrium and the lower ventricle on the left side of the heart, and then close to prevent the backflow of blood.

Does stress affect mitral valve prolapse?

Acute psychological stress exerts important effects on the rhythm and click only in some patients with mitral valve prolapse, and may provide a mechanism for intermittence of clicks and episodes of profound unexplained arrhythmias.

What is the best treatment for mitral valve prolapse?

How is mitral valve prolapse treated?aspirin to reduce the risk of blood clots.beta blockers to prevent your heart from beating irregularly and to improve blood flow.blood thinners to prevent blood clots.diuretics to remove excess fluid from the lungs.vasodilators to widen the blood vessels and improve blood flow.

How long can you live with mitral valve regurgitation?

The worrisome natural history of severe mitral regurgitation Widely disparate estimates of long term survival in patients with mitral regurgitation—between 97–27% at five years—have been reported.

Does mitral valve prolapse make you tired?

Fatigue is the most common symptom of mitral valve prolapse, although the reason for fatigue is not understood. People with mitral valve prolapse may have imbalances in their autonomic nervous system, which regulates heart rate and breathing.

Does mitral valve prolapse shorten life?

MVP usually does not need to be treated because it is rarely a serious condition, and it does not damage the heart. People with heart rhythm changes may need to be treated with medicines to control tachycardias (fast heart rhythms). MVP is usually harmless and does not shorten life expectancy.

What should you not do if you have mitral valve prolapse?

Lifestyle changesDo not smoke. If you need help quitting, talk to your doctor about stop-smoking programs and medicines. … Eat heart-healthy foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish, lean meats, and low-fat or non-fat dairy foods. Limit sodium, sugars, and alcohol.Stay at a healthy weight.

How do you know if mitral valve prolapse is getting worse?

However, some people develop symptoms that get worse over time. These symptoms can vary from person to person, but may include the following: palpitations, or the feeling of the heart skipping a beat or beating too hard. a racing heart.

What triggers mitral valve prolapse?

The most common cause of MVP is abnormally stretchy valve leaflets (called myxomatous valve disease). Mitral valve prolapse occurs in around 2% of the population. A person can be born with the genetic risk of developing MVP. It also can be caused by other health problems, such as some connective tissue diseases.

Can a mitral valve repair itself?

Surgery is often needed right away for acute severe mitral valve regurgitation. The surgeon may be able to repair the mitral valve. In some cases, a replacement valve is needed.

How do they fix mitral valve regurgitation?

Your doctor may prescribe medication to treat symptoms, although medication can’t treat mitral valve regurgitation. Medications may include: Diuretics. These medications can relieve fluid accumulation in your lungs or legs, which can accompany mitral valve regurgitation.