What Is The Most Comprehensive Blood Test?

What is a comprehensive blood test?

A comprehensive metabolic panel is a blood test that measures your sugar (glucose) level, electrolyte and fluid balance, kidney function, and liver function.

Glucose is a type of sugar your body uses for energy.

Electrolytes keep your body’s fluids in balance..

What cancers are detected by blood tests?

Examples of tumor markers include prostate-specific antigen (PSA) for prostate cancer, cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) for ovarian cancer, calcitonin for medullary thyroid cancer, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) for liver cancer and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) for germ cell tumors, such as testicular cancer and ovarian …

Can you brush your teeth when your fasting for a blood test?

Fasting means that, with the exception of water, you refrain from eating or drinking for a minimum of 8 hours (10 to 12 hours is preferable) prior to the test. This means no coffee or tea beforehand, but taking your vitamins or medications is okay. Brushing your teeth or using mouthwash won’t influence the test.

What blood tests show liver and kidney function?

The comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) is a blood test that gives doctors information about the body’s fluid balance, levels of electrolytes like sodium and potassium, and how well the kidneys and liver are working.

What is the most extensive blood test?

Complete blood cell count (CBC): This is one of the most commonly ordered blood tests, which is the measure of the concentration of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets in the blood.

What does it mean when blood tests show inflammation?

A c-reactive protein test measures the level of c-reactive protein (CRP) in your blood. CRP is a protein made by your liver. It’s sent into your bloodstream in response to inflammation. Inflammation is your body’s way of protecting your tissues if you’ve been injured or have an infection.

Can lymphoma be detected in a blood test?

Blood tests aren’t used to diagnose lymphoma, though. If the doctor suspects that lymphoma might be causing your symptoms, he or she might recommend a biopsy of a swollen lymph node or other affected area.

What blood tests should a woman get?

4 important blood tests for women-and what the results meanBlood sugar test. What it measures: The level of glucose (sugar) in your blood. … Lipid panel. What it measures: Levels of unhealthy cholesterol and triglycerides to assess your heart disease risk. … Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and T4 test. … Vitamin D (25 hydroxyvitamin D) test.

What blood tests show kidney function?

Types of kidney function testsUrinalysis. A urinalysis screens for the presence of protein and blood in the urine. … Serum creatinine test. This blood test examines whether creatinine is building up in your blood. … Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) … Estimated GFR.

Can a blood test detect diabetes?

Your health care professional can diagnose diabetes, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes through blood tests. The blood tests show if your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Do not try to diagnose yourself if you think you might have diabetes.

Does what you eat the night before affect blood test?

McKnight also mentioned the food or drinks you consume the day or night before a blood test does not impact your test results, unlike what you eat or drink the morning of your test. “It’s recommended that you avoid coffee and other liquids during your fast,” McKnight said.

Are cholesterol tests affected by food eaten the day before?

Fasting for 10 to 12 hours before a cholesterol test ensures that a single food or meal does not affect the outcome of the test. However, if you ate a cheeseburger every day, that probably would affect your numbers. Cholesterol levels are affected by what you eat over time.

What blood tests show liver function?

Some common liver function tests include:Alanine transaminase (ALT). … Aspartate transaminase (AST). … Alkaline phosphatase (ALP). … Albumin and total protein. … Bilirubin. … Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT). … L-lactate dehydrogenase (LD). … Prothrombin time (PT).

What cancers Cannot be detected with a blood test?

These include breast, lung, and colorectal cancer, as well as five cancers — ovarian, liver, stomach, pancreatic, and esophageal — for which there are currently no routine screening tests for people at average risk.

What tests should a woman have every year?

10 Health Screenings All Women Should HaveBlood Pressure Screening. … Cholesterol Check. … Pap Smears. … Mammograms. … Bone Density Screening. … Blood Glucose Tests. … Colon Cancer Screening. … Body Mass Index.More items…•

What type of infections can a CBC detect?

The CBC can evaluate your overall health and detect a variety of diseases and conditions, such as infections, anemia and leukemia….Some examples include:Anemia of various etiologies.Autoimmune disorders.Bone marrow disorders.Dehydration.Infections.Inflammation.Hemoglobin abnormalities.Leukemia.More items…•

What kind of blood work should I have done?

The 5 types of blood tests you should do every yearBroad Thyroid Panel. … Essential Nutrients: iron/ferritin, vitamin D, vitamin B12, magnesium. … Complete Metabolic Panel and Complete Blood Count. … Metabolic Markers: Hemoglobin A1c, fasting glucose and insulin, lipid panel. … Inflammatory markers: hsCRP, homocysteine.

What are the three main blood tests?

A blood test is typically composed of three main tests: a complete blood count, a metabolic panel and a lipid panel.

What should you not do before a blood test?

If your health care provider has told you to fast before a blood test, it means you should not eat or drink anything, except water, for several hours before your test. When you eat and drink normally, those foods and beverages are absorbed into your bloodstream.

What can a full blood test show?

A complete blood count (CBC) is a blood test used to evaluate your overall health and detect a wide range of disorders, including anemia, infection and leukemia. A complete blood count test measures several components and features of your blood, including: Red blood cells, which carry oxygen.

What do standard blood tests show?

Specifically, blood tests can help doctors: Evaluate how well organs—such as the kidneys, liver, thyroid, and heart—are working. Diagnose diseases and conditions such as cancer, HIV/AIDS, diabetes, anemia (uh-NEE-me-eh), and coronary heart disease.