What Is Primary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease?

What are the prevention of cardiovascular disease?

Prevention of cardiovascular disease can be achieved by practising regular exercise, by keeping to a balanced healthy diet, by avoiding tobacco smoking and by the maintenance of an optimal blood pressure and normal LDL-cholesterol and glucose levels..

What are 5 Controllable risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

The “controllable” risk factors are:Smoking.High blood pressure.High blood cholesterol.High blood sugar (diabetes)Obesity and overweight.Obesity and Overweight.Physical inactivity.Stress.

What are the major causes of cardiovascular disease?

Causes of CVDHigh blood pressure. High blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the most important risk factors for CVD. … Smoking. Smoking and other tobacco use is also a significant risk factor for CVD. … High cholesterol. … Diabetes. … Inactivity. … Being overweight or obese. … Family history of CVD. … Ethnic background.More items…

What is the most important risk factor for coronary heart disease?

The traditional risk factors for coronary artery disease are high LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, high blood pressure, family history, diabetes, smoking, being post-menopausal for women and being older than 45 for men, according to Fisher. Obesity may also be a risk factor.

What are 2 types of CVD?

Types of Cardiovascular DiseaseCoronary artery disease is the build-up of plaque in the arteries supplying blood to the heart.Peripheral artery disease is the build-up of plaque in the arteries supplying blood to the arms and legs.Carotid artery disease is the build-up of plaque in the arteries that supply blood to the brain.

What is the biggest risk factor for heart disease?

Major Risk FactorsHigh Blood Pressure (Hypertension). High blood pressure increases your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. … High Blood Cholesterol. One of the major risk factors for heart disease is high blood cholesterol. … Diabetes. … Obesity and Overweight. … Smoking. … Physical Inactivity. … Gender. … Heredity.More items…

What is primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease?

Primary prevention refers to the steps taken by an individual to prevent the onset of the disease. This is achieved by maintaining a healthy lifestyle choice such as diet and exercise. Secondary prevention focuses on reducing the impact of the disease by early diagnosis prior to any critical and permanent damage.

What are three prevention methods of cardiovascular disease?

Fortunately, there are many things you can do to reduce your chances of getting heart disease:Control your blood pressure. … Keep your cholesterol and triglyceride levels under control. … Stay at a healthy weight. … Eat a healthy diet. … Get regular exercise. … Limit alcohol. … Don’t smoke. … Manage stress.More items…•

What is a primary risk factor for cardiovascular disease?

About half of all Americans (47%) have at least 1 of 3 key risk factors for heart disease: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking. Some risk factors for heart disease cannot be controlled, such as your age or family history. But you can take steps to lower your risk by changing the factors you can control.

What is secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease?

Secondary Prevention refers to preventing heart attack and stroke through drug therapy and counseling for high risk individuals – such as those with previous events or known cardiovascular diseases (CVD).

What are the 3 types of prevention?

The three levels of preventive care—primary, secondary, and tertiary care—are detailed below:Primary Prevention. Primary prevention aims to avoid the development of a disease or disability in healthy individuals. … Secondary Prevention. … Tertiary Prevention.

What are the six main risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

Major risk factors that can’t be changedIncreasing Age. The majority of people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older. … Male gender. … Heredity (including race) … Tobacco smoke. … High blood cholesterol. … High blood pressure. … Physical inactivity. … Obesity and being overweight.More items…