- How long do infectious diseases last?
- What are the five signs of an infection?
- What is a sick role behavior?
- What are illness behaviors?
- What disease has the shortest incubation period?
- What causes infectious disease?
- What stage of infection is most communicable?
- What are the 4 types of diseases?
- Who is an infected person?
- What are the 4 stages of communicable illness?
- How does disease develop?
- What is disease process?
- Are all infectious diseases?
- What are the 3 main ways infection can get into the body?
- What are types of sickness?
- What are the factors affecting illness?
- What is the leading infectious disease?
- What are the four stages of natural history of disease?
- What is the clinical stage of a disease?
- How do viruses leave the body?
- What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?
- How can infectious diseases be prevented?
- Who is at risk for communicable diseases?
- What are the 5 stages of illness?
How long do infectious diseases last?
Most people will be infectious for around 2 weeks.
Symptoms are usually worse during the first 2 to 3 days, and this is when you’re most likely to spread the virus..
What are the five signs of an infection?
Know the Signs and Symptoms of InfectionFever (this is sometimes the only sign of an infection).Chills and sweats.Change in cough or a new cough.Sore throat or new mouth sore.Shortness of breath.Nasal congestion.Stiff neck.Burning or pain with urination.More items…
What is a sick role behavior?
Sick-role behavior is the activity undertaken, for the purpose of getting well, by those who consider them- selves ill. It includes receiving treatment from appropriate therapists, generally in- volves a whole range of dependent behaviors, and leads to some degree of neglect of one’s usual duties.
What are illness behaviors?
Illness behavior refers to any actions or reactions of an individual who feels unwell for the purpose of defining their state of health and obtaining physical or emotional relief from perceived or actual illness.
What disease has the shortest incubation period?
Incubation Period of Common DiseasesAdenovirus – 2 to 14 days, leading to a sore throat, fever, and pink eye.Vomiting after exposure to Bacillus cereus, a type of food poisoning – 30 minutes to 6 hours (very short incubation period)Clostridium tetani (Tetanus) – 3 to 21 days.Chickenpox – 10 to 21 days.More items…
What causes infectious disease?
Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Many organisms live in and on our bodies. They’re normally harmless or even helpful. But under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease.
What stage of infection is most communicable?
In some cases, a person is contagious during the incubation period, while in others the person is not contagious until the illness begins. The amount of time a child remains contagious depends on the infection and the child. Young children are often contagious for longer than older children.
What are the 4 types of diseases?
There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.
Who is an infected person?
18. Infected Individual—A person or animal that harbors an infectious agent and who has either manifest disease (see Patient or sick person) or inapparent infection (see Carrier). An infectious person or animal is one from whom the infectious agent can be naturally acquired.
What are the 4 stages of communicable illness?
The natural history of an untreated communicable disease has four stages: stage of exposure, stage of infection, stage of infectious disease, and stage of outcome.
How does disease develop?
Infection occurs when viruses, bacteria, or other microbes enter your body and begin to multiply. Disease, which typically happens in a small proportion of infected people, occurs when the cells in your body are damaged as a result of infection, and signs and symptoms of an illness appear.
What is disease process?
Diseases are generally understood to be medical conditions that involve a pathological process associated with a specific set of symptoms. Localized diseases affect specific parts of the body; disseminated diseases spread to other parts of the body; and systemic diseases affect the entire body.
Are all infectious diseases?
Infectious diseases are caused by microscopic germs (such as bacteria or viruses) that get into the body and cause problems. Some — but not all — infectious diseases spread directly from one person to another. Infectious diseases that spread from person to person are said to be contagious.
What are the 3 main ways infection can get into the body?
Infections can be spread through these 5 different ways:Physical contact. Infections, especially skin contagions, are spread by direct physical contact. … Droplet spreading. Colds, strep throat etc. … Contaminated items. … Bowel movements. … Exposure to blood.
What are types of sickness?
Common IllnessesAllergies.Colds and Flu.Conjunctivitis (“pink eye“)Diarrhea.Headaches.Mononucleosis.Stomach Aches.
What are the factors affecting illness?
There are many different factors that can affect your health. These include things like housing, financial security, community safety, employment, education and the environment. These are known as the wider determinants of health.
What is the leading infectious disease?
Tuberculosis is now the leading infectious disease threat in the world, killing more people than HIV/AIDS, as reported today by the World Health Organization. This should erase any semblance of doubt that we need increased resources and new tools to address the global pandemic.
What are the four stages of natural history of disease?
Events that occur in the natural history of a communicable disease are grouped into four stages: exposure, infection, infectious disease, and outcome (see Figure 1.6). We will briefly discuss each of them in turn.
What is the clinical stage of a disease?
Clinical disease: A disease that has recognizable clinical signs and symptoms, as distinct from a subclinical illness, which lacks detectable signs and symptoms. Diabetes, for example, can be a subclinical disease for some years before becoming a clinical disease.
How do viruses leave the body?
Mucus is designed to trap offending viruses, which are efficiently and quickly expelled from the body through coughing and sneezing. Fever—Fevers fight influenza viruses. Because viruses are sensitive to temperature changes and cannot survive above normal body heat, your body uses fever to help destroy them.
What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?
The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.
How can infectious diseases be prevented?
Preventing the Spread of Infectious DiseasesWash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…
Who is at risk for communicable diseases?
Key risk factors include crowded conditions, forced displacement, poor quality shelter, poor water, sanitation and hygiene, lack of healthcare facilities and lack of adequate surveillance.
What are the 5 stages of illness?
The five periods of disease (sometimes referred to as stages or phases) include the incubation, prodromal, illness, decline, and convalescence periods (Figure 2).