Quick Answer: What Are Primary And Secondary Skin Lesions?

What are secondary skin lesions?

Examples of secondary skin lesions are scales, crusts, excoriations, erosions, ulcers, fissures, scars, and keloids.

Scales, which are shed dead keratinized cells, occur with psoriasis and eczema.

They’re irregular, flaky, and variable in size.

Usually silver, white, or tan, they can be thick, thin, dry, or oily..

What is a tertiary lesion?

Tertiary (ie, late) lesions are caused by obliterative small vessel endarteritis, which usually involves the vasa vasorum of the CNS. Factors that determine the development and progression of tertiary disease are not known.

What is a Wheal lesion?

Wheal: A wheal is an evanescent rounded or flat-topped elevation in the skin that is edematous, and often erythematous. They may vary in size from a few mm. to many cm. The shape may change and these lesions are usually pruritic (itchy). These are really variations of papules, nodules or plaques that are evanescent.

Is erosion a primary lesion?

Primary lesions Epidermal collarette, scar, excoriation, erosion, ulcer, fissure, lichenification, hyperpigmentation, callus.

What is the difference between a papule and a nodule?

PAPULE – A circumscribed, elevated, solid lesion that is less than 10 mm* in diameter. PLAQUE – A circumscribed, elevated, solid lesion that is greater than 10 mm* in diameter and is usually broader than it is thick. NODULE – A palpable, solid lesion that is greater than 10 mm* in diameter.

Are freckles Macules?

Background and objectives: Freckles (ephelides) are small, light brown macules of sun-exposed areas in fair-skinned subjects. On the other hand, freckle-like pigmentation of the axilla is a highly characteristic feature of neurofibromatosis.

What is a primary lesion definition?

Primary lesions are those lesions that arise de novo and are therefore the most characteristic of the desease process. Bulla: a circumscribed, elevated fluid-filled lesion greater than 1 cm in size (e.g. epidermolysis bullosa, bullous impetigo).

What is a crust on the skin?

Crust. A dried exudate on the skin surface, either serum, blood or pus or a combination. Crusts are commonly seen in diseases with a pustular component (eg canine pyoderma, pemphigus foliaceus), and where the exudate from erosions and ulcers dries on the surface of the lesion.

How do you describe a lesion?

Elevated lesions are either solid or fluid-filled. Solid lesions can be described as either a papule, plaque, nodule, or wheal. A raised solid lesion is a papule when it is less than 1 cm and a plaque when it is a confluence of papules greater than 1 cm. A nodule is a solid lesion with a deeper cutaneous involvement.

What is a papule skin lesion?

A papule is a raised area of skin tissue that’s less than 1 centimeter around. A papule can have distinct or indistinct borders. It can appear in a variety of shapes, colors, and sizes. It’s not a diagnosis or disease. Papules are often called skin lesions, which are essentially changes in your skin’s color or texture.

What does actinic keratosis look like?

Actinic keratoses (ak-TIN-ik ker-uh-TOE-seez) appear as rough, scaly raised patches that range in color from almost white to tan to dark pink or brown.

What are examples of primary lesions?

Primary LesionsVesicle: a fluid-filled blister which is less than 5mm in diameter, elevated above the level of the skin with well demarcated borders.Bulla: a large vesicle (greater than 5 mm in diameter)Pustule: a pustule is similar in appearance to a vesicle or bulla, but contains purulent material.More items…•

Is a Wheal a secondary lesion?

“Wheal” and “urticaria” are often use syn- onymously, although the former is the name of an eruption and the latter is a condition presenting these eruptions. A secondary lesion is an eruption that occurs secondarily after a primary or other skin lesion.

What is the difference between a primary and secondary lesion?

Definitions of Primary and Secondary Lesions Primary skin lesions are those which develop as a direct result of the disease process. Secondary lesions are those which evolve from primary lesions or develop as a consequence of the patient’s activities.

What does a melanoma lesion look like?

Border that is irregular: The edges are often ragged, notched, or blurred in outline. The pigment may spread into the surrounding skin. Color that is uneven: Shades of black, brown, and tan may be present. Areas of white, gray, red, pink, or blue may also be seen.

What are the three types of lesions?

Types of primary skin lesionsBlisters. Small blisters are also called vesicles. … Macule. Examples of macules are freckles and flat moles. … Nodule. This is a solid, raised skin lesion. … Papule. A papule is a raised lesion, and most papules develop with many other papules. … Pustule. … Rash. … Wheals.

What are the characteristics of secondary skin lesions?

* Scale-heaped-up keratinized cells; flakey exfoliation; irregular; thick or thin; dry or oily; variable size; can be white or tan.

What does a lesion look like?

Skin lesions include rash, cysts, pus-filled sacs, blisters, swelling, discolorations, bumps, hardening, or any other change in or on your skin. Skin lesions may result from a wide range of causes, as harmless as a small scrape or as serious as skin cancer. There are many common causes of skin lesions.