Question: What Are The CVD Risk Factors?

What are modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

Modifiable Risk FactorsBeing overweight or obese.Smoking.Eating a diet high in fat and/or sugar.Leading a sedentary lifestyle.High blood pressure.High LDL (the “bad”) cholesterol.High blood sugar..

What are 4 uncontrollable risk factors?

The “uncontrollable” risk factors are: Age (the risk increases with age)…The “controllable” risk factors are:Smoking.High blood pressure.High blood cholesterol.High blood sugar (diabetes)Obesity and overweight.Obesity and Overweight.Physical inactivity.Stress.

How is CVD treated?

In general, treatment for heart disease usually includes: Lifestyle changes. These include eating a low-fat and low-sodium diet, getting at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise on most days of the week, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol intake. Medications.

What are the six main risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

Major risk factors that can’t be changedIncreasing Age. The majority of people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older. … Male gender. … Heredity (including race) … Tobacco smoke. … High blood cholesterol. … High blood pressure. … Physical inactivity. … Obesity and being overweight.More items…

What are 4 risk factors for heart disease?

Major Risk FactorsHigh Blood Pressure (Hypertension). High blood pressure increases your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. … High Blood Cholesterol. One of the major risk factors for heart disease is high blood cholesterol. … Diabetes. … Obesity and Overweight. … Smoking. … Physical Inactivity. … Gender. … Heredity.More items…

What are 5 risk factors?

The five risk factors are:increased blood pressure (greater than 130/85 mmHg)high blood sugar levels (insulin resistance)excess fat around the waist.high triglyceride levels.low levels of good cholesterol, or HDL.

How can you reduce your risk of developing CVD?

Fortunately, there are many things you can do to reduce your chances of getting heart disease:Control your blood pressure. … Keep your cholesterol and triglyceride levels under control. … Stay at a healthy weight. … Eat a healthy diet. … Get regular exercise. … Limit alcohol. … Don’t smoke. … Manage stress.More items…

What are the six health risk behaviors?

23 These six prior- ity health-risk behaviors are: alcohol and other drug use, behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence (including suicide), tobacco use, unhealthy dietary behaviors, physical inactivity and sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted …

What are examples of risk factors?

Risk factor examplesNegative attitudes, values or beliefs.Low self-esteem.Drug, alcohol or solvent abuse.Poverty.Children of parents in conflict with the law.Homelessness.Presence of neighbourhood crime.Early and repeated anti-social behaviour.More items…•

What are the causes of CVD?

Causes of CVDHigh blood pressure. High blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the most important risk factors for CVD. … Smoking. Smoking and other tobacco use is also a significant risk factor for CVD. … High cholesterol. … Diabetes. … Inactivity. … Being overweight or obese. … Family history of CVD. … Ethnic background.More items…

How is CVD diagnosed?

Cardiovascular diseases are diagnosed using an array of laboratory tests and imaging studies. The primary part of diagnosis is medical and family histories of the patient, risk factors, physical examination and coordination of these findings with the results from tests and procedures.

What is a uncontrollable risk factor?

Uncontrollable risk factors are those which you cannot influence. Age. Family history. Ethnicity. Gender.

What are the six modifiable health risk factors?

The 2009 World Health Organization report on global health risks identifies hypertension, smoking, raised glucose, physical inactivity, obesity and dyslipidaemia, in that order, as being the top six modifiable global mortality risk factors. Patients with schizophrenia have high levels of all these risk factors.

Who is at high risk of heart attack?

Men age 45 or older and women age 55 or older are more likely to have a heart attack than are younger men and women. Tobacco. This includes smoking and long-term exposure to secondhand smoke. High blood pressure.

Who is most at risk for heart failure?

Coronary artery disease, heart attack, and high blood pressure are the main causes and risk factors of heart failure. Other diseases that damage or weaken the heart muscle or heart valves can also cause heart failure. Heart failure is most common in people over age 65, African-Americans, and women.

Is stress a factor that contributes to heart disease risk?

More research is needed to determine how stress contributes to heart disease — the leading killer of Americans. But stress may affect behaviors and factors that increase heart disease risk: high blood pressure and cholesterol levels, smoking, physical inactivity and overeating.

Which is considered a risk factor for CVD?

High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease. It is a medical condition that happens when the pressure of the blood in your arteries and other blood vessels is too high. The high pressure, if not controlled, can affect your heart and other major organs of your body, including your kidneys and brain.

What are 5 risk factors for CVD?

A: Risk factors for heart disease and other cardiovascular disease include:Smoking.Lack of exercise.Diet.Obesity.High blood pressure.High LDL or low HDL cholesterol levels.Family history of heart disease or other cardiovascular disease.Age.

What is the #1 cause of cardiovascular disease?

Atherosclerosis is also the most common cause of cardiovascular disease. It can be caused by correctable problems, such as an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, being overweight and smoking.

Which items most likely contribute to heart disease?

Sugar, Salt, Fat Over time, high amounts of salt, sugar, saturated fat, and refined carbs raise your risk for a heart attack or stroke. If you’re worried about your heart, you’ll want to keep these out of regular rotation. But rather than fixate on any one bad food, it’s wise to focus on your overall diet.